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Thursday, May 7, 2020 | History

2 edition of Effect of radiation on ionic structures. found in the catalog.

Effect of radiation on ionic structures.

B. V. Budylin

Effect of radiation on ionic structures.

Deistive izluchenii na ionnye struktury.

by B. V. Budylin

  • 288 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Israel Program for Scientific Translations; [available from the Office of Technical Services, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington] in Jerusalem .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Solids -- Effect of radiation on.,
  • Ionic crystals.,
  • Nuclear reactors -- Materials.

  • Edition Notes

    Statement[By] B.V. Budylin [and] A.A. Vorobʹev. Translated from Russian [and edited by IPST staff].
    ContributionsVorobʹev, Aleksandr Akimovich, joint author.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQC176 .B813
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 148 p.
    Number of Pages148
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL257047M
    LC Control Numberhe 65000018

    B. V. Budylin has written: 'Effect of radiation on ionic structures' -- subject(s): Solids, Nuclear reactors, Effect of radiation on, Ionic crystals, Materials Asked in Chemistry, Elements and. The study of the effect of radiation on polymer materials is an area of rapidly increasing interest (). The radiation regimes of primary utility are either high energy, ionizing radiation such as from gamma or neutron sources, or ultraviolet radiation from arc lamps, excimer lasers or synchrotron sources. The major.

    Unique properties exist in nanofluidic channels. In this paper, we report a new phenomenon, ion enrichment/depletion, associated with nanochannel structures. As a voltage is applied across a nanochannel, ions are rapidly enriched at one end and depleted at the other end of the nanochannel. The degree of this enrichment and depletion is directly related to the extent of double-layer overlap. Effect of Cosmic Ionization-Radiation on Humanity. The ionic shift also changes frequencies at which humanity consciously operates. They provide the interface to higher dimensional access. Solar radiation is also a major factor in genetic mutation and DNA shift. This fact has been suggested, and indeed, verified by our mainstream scientists.

      Distant ions make a significant contribution to this sum, so it converges slowly, and many terms must be used to calculate accurately. For all FCC ionic solids, is approximately Other possible packing arrangements of atoms in solids include simple cubic and body-centered cubic (BCC).These three different packing structures of solids are compared : Samuel J. Ling, Jeff Sanny, William Moebs.   This study investigates the effect FeCl3 on the radiation stability of the ionic liquid, 1-butylmethylimidazolium chloride (BmimCl) over a wide dose range of 0 to kGy under γ-ray radiation. The ionic liquid species, BmimFeCl4, was formed by adding FeCl3 into BmimCl. The results showed that the presence of FeCl4 − significantly improved the radiation resistance of BmimCl, wherein the Cited by: 3.


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Effect of radiation on ionic structures by B. V. Budylin Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Budylin, B.V. Effect of radiation on ionic structures. Jerusalem, Israel Program for Scientific Translations; [available from the Office of Technical Services, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington] Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation, traveling as a particle or electromagnetic wave, that carries sufficient energy to detach electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing an atom or a molecule.

Ionizing radiation is made up of energetic subatomic particles, ions or atoms moving at high speeds (usually greater than 1% of the speed of light), and electromagnetic waves on. Generally, foods are thermally processed to destroy the vegetative microorganisms for food preservation.

However, only thermal treatment triggers many unwanted biochemical reactions, which leads to undesirable sensorial and nutritional effects. Therefore, a number of nontraditional preservation techniques are being developed to satisfy consumer demand with regard to nutritional and sensory Cited by: 1.

This book analyzes existing, real-life radiation results from survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Chernobyl and Fukushima, and examines studies of radiation effect on patients, radiologists, crews of long-distant flights and astronauts, on miners of uranium copies, on workers of nuclear industry and on militaries, exposed to ionizing radiation.

The radiation effect is the influence of radiation on the irradiated materials, as the name suggests. As shown in Fig.the radiation effect for different materials can be utilized for the fabrication of various functional materials.

For example, for polymer material, radiation technology can be applied to produce (1) cross-linked polymeric materials such as wires, cables, shrinkable tubes. There is a large difference in the magnitude of the biological effects of nonionizing radiation (for example, light and microwaves) and ionizing radiation, emissions energetic enough to knock electrons out of molecules (for example, α and β particles, γ rays, X-rays, and.

Budylin has written: 'Effect of radiation on ionic structures' -- subject(s): Solids, Nuclear reactors, Effect of radiation on, Ionic crystals, Materials Asked in Nuclear Energy, Physics. When ionizing radiation strikes the atoms in a substance, some of its molecules may break apart or become stuck together in the wrong places.

Proteins and other biological molecules may have many thousands of atoms arranged in complex structures; damage to them can result in the breakdown of a cell’s normal functions. Introduction to Radiation. All life has evolved in an environment filled with radiation. The forces at work in radiation are revealed upon examining the structure of atoms.

Atoms are a million times thinner than a single strand of human hair, and are composed of even smaller particles – some of which are electrically charged. Sections toFile Size: 1MB. Measuring Radiation Exposure. Several different devices are used to detect and measure radiation, including Geiger counters, scintillation counters (scintillators), and radiation dosimeters ().Probably the best-known radiation instrument, the Geiger counter (also called the Geiger-Müller counter) detects and measures radiation.

Radiation causes the ionization of the gas in a Geiger-Müller : OpenStax. PDF | Effects of chemical modification of wood with innovative ionic liquid on the supermolecular and morphology of wood/polypropylene composites were | Find, read and cite all the research you.

Unlike most organic compounds, dyes possess colour because they 1) absorb light in the visible spectrum (– nm), 2) have at least one chromophore (colour-bearing group), 3) have a conjugated system, i.e. a structure with alternating double and single bonds, and 4) exhibit resonance of electrons, which is a stabilizing force in organic compounds (Abrahart, ).

When any one of these. Radiation from X-rays, including from CT scans, is a form of IR similar to gamma radiation but of lower energy.

The energy level of X-rays enables visualization of dense areas (e.g., bones) in the human body, which cannot be penetrated as efficiently as soft tissue due to the photoelectric by: Overview.

Thermal radiation, also known as heat, is the emission of electromagnetic waves from all matter that has a temperature greater than absolute zero. It represents the conversion of thermal energy into electromagnetic l energy consists of the kinetic energy of random movements of atoms and molecules in matter.

PET (positron emission tomography) scans Fluoroscopy CT or CAT (computed tomography) scans X-raysRadiation exists all around us and is in two forms: ionizing and non-ionizing radiation.

Non-ionizing radiation is a form of radiation with less energy than ionizing radiation. Unlike ionizing radiation, non-ionizing radiation does not remove electrons from atoms or molecules of.

Course -Module 4 -Radiation Damage to Materials Module 4 RADiATiON DAMAGE TO MATERIALS OBJECTIVES: Aftercompleting this module you will be able to: Explain why ionizing radiation has little effect on metals and their mechanicalproperties.

butcreates significantdamage innon-metals. a) Describe the damage created in metals by fast neutrons. An investigation of the equilibrium phase behaviour and the effect of lithium salt (lithium tetrafluoroborate) on the organic ionic plastic crystal (OIPC), N-ethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium tetrafluoroborate [C 2 mpyr][BF 4] is addition to the equilibrium phase transformations of the pure OIPC, new transitions were observed after the addition of the lithium salt (10 mol% and 20 mol Cited by: 3.

Biological Effect of Ionizing Radiation changes caused in the life activity and structure of living organisms under the influence of shortwave electromagnetic radiation (X rays and gamma rays) or fluxes of charged particles (alpha particles, beta radiation, protons) and neutrons.

Investigations of the biological effect of ionizing radiation were begun. This permitted irradiation of cell structures at different depths, that is, the membrane structures and deeper cytoplasmic structures. For this purpose Po/sup / Mev alpha rays were used; the depth of penetration of Po/sup / alpha particles into the nerve fibers was slight (up to 40 in water).

RadiationEffectsDamage - 3 - K. Holbert 2. General Radiation Effects The general types of radiation effects on materials can be categorized into (1) Impurity Production, that is, transmutation of nuclei into other nuclei which themselves may be radioactive; this mechanism is caused by neutrons through fission and activation (capture).

Harder and Arthur [] defined radiation as either the transmission or the emission of energy through a material medium or space in the form of particles or ion is categorized as either nonionizing or ionizing. Nonionizing radiation does not have enough energy to completely remove an electron from a molecule or an atom and is ordinarily not harmful to living by: 2.A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.

Covalent and Ionic Structures Molecular Structures Fields of Application. 2. Radiation Units Energy per Particle Radiation Yield - G Values Intensity of Radioactive Sources - the Curie Unit of Radiation Flux - the Roentgen and Rep Energy Deposited - the Rad.

3. Interaction of Radiation with Matter Electrons X-Rays and γ-Rays Protons and α Book Edition: 1.